Blog.Himachal Fruits™

Information about Horticulture & Agriculture just to help growers

उच्च तापमान – अपने पेड़ों को उच्च तापमान के तनाव से बचाने के लिए हिमाचल फ्रूट्स के दिशानिर्देश

Posted on | September 19, 2020 | No Comments

उच्च तापमान तनाव एक प्रमुख पर्यावरणीय तनाव है जो दुनिया भर में पौधे के विकास, चयापचय और उत्पादकता को सीमित करता है। पौधे की वृद्धि और विकास में कई जैव रासायनिक प्रतिक्रियाएं शामिल होती हैं जो तापमान के प्रति संवेदनशील होती हैं।

“मेगाफॉल” का उपयोग विभिन्न उद्देश्यों के लिए किया जा सकता है जैसे पोषक तत्वों के उपयोग में सुधार, पौधों को अजैविक तनाव (गर्मी, ठंड, जल जमाव, सूखा, आदि) को सहन करने में मदद और उपज, पोषण सामग्री जैसी सामान्य गुणवत्ता विशेषताओं को बढ़ाने में मदद करता ।

अपने पेड़ों को उच्च तापमान के तनाव से बचाने के लिए हिमाचल फ्रूट्स के दिशानिर्देश –
1.मल्चिंग करने से पेड़ों को कुछ मदद मिलती है, खासकर जड़ क्षेत्र के आसपास।
2. हीट स्ट्रेस के कॉमन संकेतों में ड्रोपिंग, पत्तों का झड़ना और पत्तियों का पीला होना शामिल है।
3. सुनिश्चित करें कि जड़ें और तना सुरक्षित हैं, जड़ें पेड़ के सबसे महत्वपूर्ण हिस्सों में से एक हैं, और उनकी देखभाल करना महत्वपूर्ण है।
4. पेड़ को मिलने वाले पानी की मात्रा को अधिकतम करने के लिए रूट ज़ोन पर ध्यान केंद्रित करें।
5. मिट्टी की अच्छी देखभाल करें, जब मिट्टी बेहद कॉम्पैक्ट होती है, तो यह पेड़ को पानी और पोषक तत्वों को प्राप्त करने से रोकता है।
6. कीटों का संक्रमण इस समय अधिक होता है जैसे वूलही अफिड्स का विशेष रूप से ध्यान रखे।
7. प्रूनिंग से बचें।
8. जब तक आपके पास पानी न हो, सिंथेटिक उर्वरकों का प्रयोग करने से बचें।
9. सुबह या शाम में ही स्प्रे करें।
10. आर्गेनिक खादों का प्रयोग लाभदायक रहेगा। इस से मिट्टी भी स्वस्थ होगी और उसमे नमी भी बानी रहेगी।

hhhty

Era® Redlove Apple Variety

Posted on | September 11, 2020 | No Comments

apple-redloveEra® Redlove Very productive and disease resistant, Era® Redlove Apple is a great variety. Era features large, red fruit with almost solid red flesh. Firm, crisp, juicy and refreshingly sweet with a hint of tartness, it is great for fresh eating and makes tasty juice.

Era® Redlove Redlove Era (an alleged cross-pollination of Royal Gala and Braeburn apples)

Era® Redlove Tree
• Growth – Average.
• Flowering- Nearing Delicious varieties (Pink /purple flowers, red buds).
• Yield – very good.
• Susceptibility to alternate bearing – low susceptibility to alternate bearing.
• Susceptibility / resistance to diseases – scab resistant.
• Best with pollinator- Neighboring trees often offer sufficient pollen for good fruit set.
• Chilling requirements similar to Gala varieties – 400-500 hours.

Era® Redlove Fruit
• Harvest period – Mid August-September.
• Store-ability – Good storage Life, in Controlled Atmosphere.
• Type of color 95% dark red, almost fluorescent with red flesh.
• Shape – have a round, conical, to oval shape.
• Flesh / taste – solid red flesh crispy, refreshingly sweet with a hint of tartness.
• Harvesting- Ripens late August-September.
• Fruit Size-Small-Medium.

Apple breeder – Bred by Markus Kobelt, Switzerland.

Elevation – 5800 feet’s above sea level – 7500 feet’s above sea level (Exactly Unknown).

Pink Lady® -Apple Variety

Posted on | September 1, 2020 | No Comments

pink 6#Apple #Variety
 
Pink Lady® The Pink Lady apples themselves are unique, with a distinctive pink blush over a yellow or green base. The flavor is often described as simultaneously tart and sweet.
 
Pink Lady® – apple are a cross between Golden Delicious and Lady Williams from the Western Australian apple breeding program.
 
Pink Lady® Tree
• Growth – Average.
• Flowering- Nearing Golden Delicious.
• Yield – very good.
• Pollination- Self-fertile, Grafted.
• Susceptibility to alternate bearing – low susceptibility to alternate bearing / easy thinning.
• Susceptibility / resistance to diseases – susceptible to scab and bruising.
• Best with pollinator-Granny Smith, Golden delicious.
• Chilling requirements similar to Granny Smith. 400-500 hours.
 
 
Pink Lady® Fruit
• Harvest period – Mid August-September.
• Store-ability – Good storage Life, in Controlled Atmosphere.
• Color – Pink with yellow or green base.
• Type of color – Oblong, green fruit turns yellow at maturity and is overlaid with pink or light red.
• Shape: ellipsoid shape.
• Flesh / taste – crisp, sweet with a hint of acidity.
• Harvesting- Ripens late September.
• Fruit Size-Small-Medium.
 
License holder – EVI
 
Elevation – 6500 feet’s above sea level – 7500 feet’s above sea level.
 

जड़ सड़न का इलाज -Himachal Fruits

Posted on | August 28, 2020 | No Comments

(कृपया दवा प्रयोग में लाने से पहले आवश्य हमारी हेल्पलाइन पर संपर्क करें)

1️⃣ हुवा-सान ( रोम प्रौद्योगिकी, यूरोप से आयात किया गया रोगाणुनाशक )- 5ml प्रति लीटर पानी में । ( मिट्टी में नमी कम होने पर आवेदन करें )।

2️⃣ एमरल्ड निवारण 500 ml + एमरल्ड मॉलिका 200 लीटर पानी में । (उपयोग करने के लिए तैयार)

या

रूट अरेस्ट (माइक्रोबियल कंसोर्टिया-यह तैयार होने में न्यूनतम 10 दिन लेगा,आप को हर दिन बनते हुए दिखाई देगा )

3️⃣ वि-रिच (अत्यंत सक्रिय रूप में उपयोग करने के लिए तैयार है ) प्रति रोग ग्रस्त पौधे में 150-200 ग्राम जड़ों के नजदीक आवेदन करें ।

❗️ चरण -1 हुवा-सान और चरण 2 के बीच 7 दिन का अंतर रखें ( कृपया ध्यान दें चरण 2 और 3 एक साथ उपयोग किया जा सकता है) ।

पौधों की रोग स्थिति देख कर साल में 2 से 4 बार उपयोग करें, समय – समय पर रिजल्ट्स जरूर चेक और रिकॉर्ड करे।

जड़ सड़न का इलाज करने के लिए एक सख्त अनुसूची का पालन करना चाहिए। यह रोग बगीचों के लिये बहुत ही घातक है ।root rot

Red Del. RedVelox® Stark Gugger – Apple Variety

Posted on | August 23, 2020 | No Comments

Red Del. RedVelox® Stark GuggerRV1

Owner
GRIBA Baumschulgenossenschaft

Origin
Red Del. RedVelox® Stark Gugger is a mutation of Red Del. Standard.

Tree
Vigor – medium
Blossom – few days before Golden Del.
Pollinators – Granny Smith, Golden Delicious, Gala

Fruit

Size – Medium to Large
Color – dark red, blushed – slightly striped
Flavor – sweet with low acidity
Shape/size -conical, typical for Red Del.
Skin: smooth
Flesh – white, firm, crispy

Alternative bearing -not susceptible

Harvest time – 1 week before Red Del.

 

Characteristics
Early and homogeneous coloring on the whole tree. About 2-3 weeks earlier than other clones.

Elevation – 6000 to 7800 (feet’s above sea-level).

Root Rot,Crown and Collar of Apple

Posted on | August 21, 2020 | No Comments

Symptoms

When (Root Rot/Color Rot) Phytophthora rots are suspected, inspect the of the tree and excavate soil from around the trunk and root system to examine tissues for crown and root rot symptoms. Upon peeling back, the outer bark of the trunk, the normally green cambium will appear orange or brown. Roots may be a dark brown or orange and may slough off from the primary root. If you look at the plant growth is stunned overall as shown in the picture.

Organism and Disease Cycle

Several species of soil borne Phytophthora oomycetes (fungal-like organisms) cause root,color and crown rots. Many of these species are common in most orchard soil.

These oospores are extremely resilient and can remain viable in the soil for long periods of time. When soils are wet oospores germinate forming thin threads of fungal hyphae which can infect plant roots. When soils are saturated another type of spore called a zoospore develop within sporangia.

Zoospores are swimming (moving) spores. They can move through the soil water to find new roots to attack.

Spores can also move with water across the surface of the soil, thus transmitting the pathogen over large parts of a block quickly.

The longer the soil stays wet the higher the risk of infection.

Cultural Controls

  • Control soil moisture.
  • Better choose well drained soils for orchards.
  • Improve and maintain healthy soil structure.
  • Reduce irrigation water.
  • One of the best solutions, choose resistant rootstock.

 Biological and Bio-pesticide Controls

Maintain large, active beneficial populations in soil, it means reduce synthetic fertilizers. hhrt

Many soil bacteria and fungi can be antagonistic to root rot fungi. For example, a fungus called Trichoderma, pseudomonas fluorescens has been seen to reduce soil-borne disease infections. In general, additions of organic matter such as compost, grass clippings, and other material provide a food source for the soil food web helping to maintain large active populations of beneficial antagonists.

Biopesticides and biological pesticides. Biopesticides are certain types of pesticides derived from natural materials, such as animals, plants, bacteria, and certain minerals. One group of biopesticides are biologicals. Biologicals are composed of beneficial microorganisms, including specialized fungi, bacteria, and actinobacteria. Use of biopesticides (including biologicals) applied as a pre-plant dip or through the dripline on newly planted trees may help defend young trees from soil-borne disease infection.

Himachal Fruits Recommended products*

1.Emrald Nivaran + Emrald Maulika.

2.Rot Arrest (Used after Fermenting).

3.G5 Granules application has root rot preventive properties also condition soil.

*Consult Himachal Fruits before use.

 

Gala Dark Baron® Apple Variety

Posted on | August 17, 2020 | No Comments

Gala Dark Baron® #Apple #Variety

Gala Dark Baron® apples are characterized by intense red-purple color during the harvest period. Already one month before the harvest, the fruits are colored in a distinctive color. Stalks, like fruits, have a red color. The shape of apples is spherical, very similar to the standard Gala variety.

Dark Baron -Mutation of Gala Standard

Gala Dark Baron® Tree
• Growth – middle-weak
• Flowering- 2/3 days before Golden Delicious.
• Yield – very good.
• Alternative bearing – not reported/observed.

Gala Dark Baron® Fruit
• Harvest period – begin of August.
• Storability – like Gala.
• Colour – intensive dark red.
• Covering colour in % – 100% .
• Type of colour – by intense red-purple color during the harvest period.
• Shape: spherical – somewhat elongated.

Thanks to the very early coloring of apples in red, there is no need to keep apples for a long time to paint properly. This feature gives you the opportunity to harvest fruit at the right time, without the risk of becoming too much even in the tree.

The early and unique coloring of Dark Baron® apples makes it possible to cultivate them in climatic zones where weather conditions make it difficult to achieve the proper coloring of the fruit.

The homogeneity and regularity of the Gala Dark Baron® variety is one of its greatest benefits.

Elevation – 4500 feet’s above sea level – 7500 feet’s above sea level.

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